A strain, or complete tear, can occur to one of the adductor muscles, often during activities that involving twisting and turning or lunging type movements, such as those in tennis. A history of sudden pain, or pain to contract or stretch the adductor muscles is a tell-tale sign that you have torn/strained one of the muscles. Like all other muscle strains/tears, the degree of injury can be graded on a scale…
Grade 1 – no pain to stretch or contract. There is a general ache that is fatigue based or a delayed onset of muscular soreness issue. Rest and gentle stretching over a few days should ease this.
Grade 2 – no specific time of injury. There is tightness to stretch and to press but no contraction pain, suggesting there is increased tension in the muscle. Rest, gentle stretching, massage and an easy return to exercise should resolve this.
Grade 3a – Sharp pain at the time of injury followed by pain to stretch, variable pain to contract dependent on extent and tender spot to palpate. This needs to be rested for 5 days and treated with ice and anti-inflammatories. If in doubt and if the pain continues to be there after 5 days then seek help from your physio.
Grade 3b – This is the ‘sniper shot’. These are proper injuries with sharp pain on stretch and contraction, plenty of bleeding and swelling and you are unable to really use the leg. It needs to be rested to stop further damage, to reduce the amount of bleed and to allow healing. These are when you need to be assessed properly by a physio.